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Marine Le Pen

Comparative Analysis: How to Speak about Charlie Hebdo (Valls and Le Pen)

Charlie Hebdo Marine Le Pen word cloud

Word Cloud of Marine Le Pen's speech on January 16, 2015, following the Charlie Hebdo and Hypercasher terrorist attacks. 

The lexical field is dominated by Islamism, fundamentalism and creates a network of guilt by association: "communautarisme", "immigration", "étrangère" are linked by lexical proximity to the pejorative "radical", "terroriste", "fundamentaliste", "djhiadiste".

Tri-grams by author and genre

Trigrams by author and genre

One of the methods we employed to study the differences between Marine Le Pen's and Jean-Marie Le Pen's rhetoric was n-grams. Briefly, n-grams are N co-occuring words in a corpus. If N = 2, we call them bi-grams; three words are tri-grams, and so on. More information about ngrams is available on this What are N-Grams? page from "Text Mining & Analytics 101." 

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